Article Details

Title The Ayala Mazaar-Xiaoche Culture: New Archaeological Discoveries in the Taklamakan Desert, China
Author Dr Christoph Baumer President Society for the Exploration of EurAsia, Switzerland
Journal Asian Affairs, Volume 42 Number 1
Date March 2011

This article, accompanied by colour photos, records the author's recent archaeological expedition in the Taklamakan Desert. His advance northwards along the now mostly sand-covered beds of the Keriya River proved to be a march backward through time, from the Iron Age city of Jumbulakum to the early Bronze Age necropolis of Ayala Mazar. The artifacts he found are contemporary with, and similar to Chinese discoveries at Xiaohe. This proves that Xiaohe was not an isolated case and provides evidence for a whole culture based on some sort of fertility cult. The remains also suggest that some, at least, of the peoples concerned had Indo-European affiliations.

Original Lecture Traces in the Desert: New Archaeological Discoveries in the Taklamakan Desert, China
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